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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 16 | volume III | August-September, 2000



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 16August-September, 2000

The Origin (Genesis) of The Morality

p. 1
Jasmina Mojsieva Guševa

Human nature is characterised by the need for truth,
    which will never allow us to remain
    in a false and unreal world.

    L. N. Tolstoy

    Morality as an ethic value is related to the categories of altruistic and egoistic behavior. The inner ethics of every individual depends on his philosophic view on the world and life. Hence, the function of moral ideas was differently interpreted by various researchers in the separate temporal and social conditions. We will start by presenting two diametrically contrasted theories about the beginnings of altruistic behaviour.
    There are theories that altruism is not a high ideal, but an instrument-implement constructed by exploiters for protection of their interests. In order to survive in the world, the true exploiter (idler) coerced the producer (the creative man) to work for him. Initially, they were doing it with tyrannical methods, but as soon as the people devoted to thinking and creativity learned how to defend and became as strong as the tyrants, the need for altruistic philosophy appeared. Aware of the ineffectiveness of their mind, exploiters had to develop altruism, by which they guaranteed certainty to themselves in he sense that someone can always complete the work for someone that cannot. By misusing morality they ensured their existence at least for a certain period of time. With altruism they convinced the creative men voluntarily to sacrifice the products of their rational work to the benefit of the passive egoists. In this respect, altruism is wonderful indeed since those who accept it are not defeated by it, but it persuades them to defeat themselves. Altruism spread rapidly because it was accepted by intellectuals.
    But there are other theories indicating that altruism exactly was generated by intellectuals (Cant) in the time of humanism and renaissance, when for the first time in history reason and science started to become so productive that the idea of altruism only helped intellectuals keep their production and protect it from annihilation. Through altruism they wanted to distribute their production throughout the world, and to guard it from the egotistic undertakings of destruction.
    The primary dilemma that emerges in the dispute about the origin of morality is if it is strictly connected to human personality or is imposed from the outside as a sociological model of behaviour. The question rises of whether people a priori are determined for the good, i.e. whether morality is immanent to man cherishing the hope for salvation or we should

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