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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 19 | volume IV | February-March, 2001



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 19February-March, 2001

Narcissism and (Self)pleasure in the Text

p. 1
Jadranka Vladova

    I found the aspect of this topic in the ever inspirational genius of Aristotle, in the text without which the theory of literature cannot be imagined. Even Aristotle in his The Poetics opens the possibility of reading the text through the key of the erotic, so the idea of the text observed as a body, although an attainment of the theoretic thought of our time, is initiated in this capital text of our civilisation that we will always return to as to an anticipating nucleus for many theoretic ideas.
    The aspect I start with is found in the 4th chapter of The Poetics in the part of the text where we read the four starting points significant for my further elaboration of the topic:
    “… imitation is inherent to people since their child’s age; what differs them from other living beings is that they are most inclined to imitation, that they gain their first cognition through imitation, and that (1) all people enjoy imitating. A proof of this is what occurs while looking at works of art: for even those objects and creatures that we disgust at when they are in a natural state, for instance (2) the forms of the most repugnant animals and dead men, their pictures, when conveyed very faithfully are looked at with pleasure. The reason for that lies in the fact that (3) cognition is pleasant not only to philosophers but to other people as well, the difference being that the latter participate in this (enjoying) for a short time. Therefore people look at pictures with pleasure, because by looking they start gaining knowledge of and contemplating about what everything represents, as if they recall: “so that is the one”, because (4) if a man has not seen it before, the work will not trigger pleasure as imitation, but only due to the crafty creation, the colour, or due to some other similar reason.”[1]

– The attitude that all people enjoy in the imitation with the verb (imitate) is the true distinction of the intrinsic instinct that all living beings possess, who integrate themselves in the world of the adults of their kind, right with imitation. This means that mimesis, by means of which art recreates nature, is also an instinct. However, this instinct is not universal, only a small number of people feel it and are gifted with it. It means that apart from the quantitative criterion


1. Chapter 4, Poethics. Skopje 1979, pp. 22-23.

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