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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 31 | volume VI | March-April, 2003



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                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 31March-April, 2003
Essays

Towards the Two Outcomes of Epistemological Revolution

And Another Outcome of Theirs


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p. 1
Silvana Dimitrovska

     In 1962 Thomas S. Kuhn, a professor in philosophy and history of science at the Institute for Technology (Massachusetts), published the piece The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, causing unbelievable number of commentaries, discussions and reactions, either in professional or dilettante manner; even opening possibilities for new periodization in epistemological science. The author became the founder or initiator of “new philosophy of science” (Dudley Shepere), the “new image” (Ian Hacking), or the new methodological paradigm. No doubt, before all of them, other magnitudes such as Toulmin, Laudan, Feyerabend, Lakatos, and Alexander Koyré may be encountered in the wide range of rebels rebelling against the pertinence of science, sciento-latreia (science-adoration) and the science involvement (especially natural sciences) as ultimate and decisive arbiter in all of the “modern” life spheres. And also without doubt, their desires turn into narrow and profesionalized argumented elaborations. However, Kuhn is honored as “the duke” for his explicitly radical way in which he formulates the need for gestalt switch of the old methodological paradigm. The latter is in fact, marked as being in a state of growing crisis, meaning that its possibilities are exhausted: a state that generates the need for a new approach with inevitable necessity, especially if one keeps in mind the destructive and contaminating repercussions that the very stubborn existing of our exhausted paradigm has in and above  a broader range (noticeably broader than the narrow framework of “the scientific community”).
     He finds the old image ahistorical, one using the history of science only to provide exemplary logical points, thus generating anachronisms that are “functioning” as smaller or bigger approximations in the imagined rectilinear growth of knowledge as a whole. The tendency to see science as woven in historical subjects net with the inevitable cultural burden is the fundamental step forward. Kuhn, namely, notices expectation-changes in the work of our new historians of sciences: they in flagranti ask their questions in a new dimension. “Rather than seeking the permanent contributions of an older science to our present vantage, they attempt to display the historical integrity of that science in its own time.” (Thomas S. Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, pp.3)
     Some of the important attitudes towards science, resulting from the historiografic examinations over particular science episodes from the past, which are at the same time relevant for this piece, are concentrated in terms such as paradigm, incommensurability, incumulativity. The first claims that knowledge without






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