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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 39 | volume VII | November-December, 2004



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 39November-December, 2004

House/Threshold-Horizon: Nomadic Experience

p. 1
Robert Alagjozovski

    The image of the title of this essay indicates to one of the many dichotomies that cut though the human experience. The image of the sedentary man who stands in front of his home, his cosmos and fears the big unknown, what can endanger him, from there. This image dominates the human collective subconscious, because, as Gilles Deleuze is right, the history has been written from a sedentary aspect. This image, as we will see below, lasts: from the ancient Greeks, who created the discourse citizen/nomad, that is civilization/barbarity, until recently, when, burdened, but also justified by the modernist myth, the states take measures that concern billions of citizens, for some for better, but for most for the worse. In the lines that follow we will review the dichotomy sedentariness/nomadism, from the aspect of the fascination with the nomadism that starts with Nietzsche onwards, and which, it seems, will dominate, at least with the theoretical discourse, we will locate the tension of the binarism, but we will also indicate the authors who proclaim “impure” positions. The technique that is used for writing of this essay is misanabim, and the method is browsability: 90 Google pages have been browsed with “nomadism” as a key word, and 1,000 typed pages of junk material have been reviewed. The best material has been robbed, de-re-con/structed and built in the essay as stolen authorship.

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    The image of the nomad in the western imagery is that he is uncivilized, irrational, destructive, a-cultural. For Hegel, and later for Horkheimer and Adorno, he is “the man in a natural state”. Friedrich Nietzsche considers the nomad an inhabitant of the desert where there is no centre, and everything is equidistance, because the nomad is in a continuous movement. There is history in the desert, no trails and development, the borders between the nature and culture and between the reality and fantasies are lost. Nietzsche says that the nomad and the state are two opposite things that can join only by nature.
    This discourse origins from Ancient Greece. Nomadism, as Neal Asherson notes, was opposed to the Greek city-state patriotism that was built on home-love, continuity, inhabitance. The Athenians insisted that they were “autochthonous” – biologically rooted in their place of living. According to Francois Hartogue it is not difficult to foresee that the discourse of autochthonousness was invented to create the representation of the nomadism and that the Athenians,

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