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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 04 | volume I | August-September, 1998



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 04August-September, 1998

Fiction and Reality

p. 1
Sead Džigal

1. When we analyze the relationships between language and literature, it is almost certain that we will have to encounter the topic of their referential function i.e. their relation to objectivity, appearance and inter-subjective context. If we recall some of the most notable and most accepted definitions of the language sciences, literature and signs, we will find ourselves in an apparently contradictory situation. If, as an explorer or scientist you accept the advantages of modern linguistics and its founder Saussure then that will implicate our acceptance of his futuristic, in that period, science about signs in which domain he places linguistics. I say, implicate, because this is one of his main claims on which his language theory is based. This fact is especially important since Saussure's concepts served as basis for strengthening and establishing Poetics, including Russian Formalism via the European Structuralism up until today, as well as contemporary cultural studies. So we can conclude that language is just a separate segment of the more general phenomenon the sign.
    Unlike Saussure, another distinguished scientist claims that semiotics is in principle a discipline which studies everything that can be used for lying (U.Eco. Theory of Semiotics. 1976. P.7).
    If the language sign acts in accordance with the general characteristics of all the other types of signs, which is natural to expect, then the basis for the definition and the function of referential functions become very thin. Towards what all the types of signs lead and of what nature is the referent are the questions which we need to separate the grains from the crop in this particular case. We will reach the answers in an indirect way, i.e. through literary examples which can be decently instructive. In the process the aspects of the adjective terms fiction and reality will be encountered.
    2. The term fiction generates from the Latin fictio meaning 'making up'. Furthermore, fiction is defined as displaying something which is not real, but in a way which the unreal suggests as real. (Rečnik književnih termina. T. Fikcija). On the other hand, realism as a method, suggests displaying of things as they really are. Clarifying things is made more difficult in the fields of literature where, I would say, subjectivity is distinctive. In the cultural radius in the one we belong the subjective reality is considered less real than the objective reality. The procedures in which we constitute and conventionalize this objective

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