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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 05 | volume I | October-November, 1998



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                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 05October-November, 1998
Essays

House - Symbol

The Symbol of the house and its primary elements - the Stone, the Hearth, and the Doorsill, through ages and civilizations


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Melanija Šerdenkovska

THE DOORSILL

There is one more element connected with a strong symbolical meaning – the doorsill. As a place of access in the house, which dispenses the outside world from the inner, was an important and especially respected element. The bride, when she steps above it at the bridegroom's house, for the first time, according the custom of Mijak's attend to step with the right leg, and not to reach it[16].
    Čajkanović [17] fairly extensive descries the mortuary custom's, in which we could find the remainder of earlier entombing the dead one in the doorsill of the house. It was an very old custom, which is found in many nations in Paleolithic and Neolithic period, but it's arrears we can find in a civilized period of Greece and Rome. We can find the rudimentary arrears of this custom at the Slavs. They buried theirs small, nonage sacrament children in the house doorsill. In Serbia it's remarked more ceremonial custom, associate with the dead, performed on the house's doorsill, claws built in the doorsill, which in essential present the dead one's body. The same meaning has the custom of built in the measure of the dead one, taken with the red thread, and many more. According the national animistic custom, this way of funeral, is the reflection of the whish the soul to stay in the house, defended from the outside antagonistic powers, apropos it defense's the domestic one from the evil ghosts. The place of burial, apropos theirs faith, in essence is the place of further abode of the soul, on her anchoring. That is the place, in the same time, for the living one to contact with him, or to make a gift in his honor.
    Funeral in the doorsill, apposite under the floor of the house, in essence present the whish – the soul of the dead one to stay in the house, was too strong engraved in the conscience. Because of that they made their gravestones and sarcophaguses as houses, the same as the Slav's wooden gravestones, which was cremate with the defunct and Etrurian's urns. This kind of tradition, in exclusive strong form existed at the Slavs. The research shows that even in the periods when the defunct was cremated, they ware put in the small objects in the form of a house. In the period when they started to bury them, they ware buried under the wooden gravestones

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16. Kličkova V., Georgieva M., The same, pp.161
17. Čajkanović V., Mit i religija u srba, pp.101-107






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