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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 05 | volume I | October-November, 1998



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                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 05October-November, 1998
Reviews

Humour in Literature

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p. 1
Jasmina Mojsieva Guševa

The issue of the phenomenon humor, as a process, as a human activity widely used in literature, is the goal of this attentive research. This phenomenon persisting throughout time has a wide social acceptance. It has been present in different cultures and civilizations. To find its reflection in literature, humor had to meet certain needs, to be in line with the foundations and expansions and to be inseparably connected with the social contexts. Thus, the conditions for transparent, straightforward experience of what permanently happens in life are established.
    This essay is about the character of the condition that in literature is called humor. It will attempt to give, as much as possible, a comprehensive view of the conditions from which humor springs out, of its presentation in different literature genres, its social function, meaning as well as maintenance in different civilizations. The main question is why writers choose comical expression. Or even, why this expression in some works abounds with joy and happiness, while in other works it is very serious. Why do some writers incline towards harmless laughter and good mood, whilst others use so much black humor and cynical ridicule.
    Clearly humor is a point of view on the world, which can be a vital expression of the truths in the world and its extensiveness. Things seen through the prism of humor seem different to the things seen through the prism of seriousness. The place that humor takes in literature can be compared with the place of crisis in society – the indispensable prerequisites for new changes. It is as obvious as it is important to point out that humor discovers the long lasting disorders which people do not want to face. Humor is the only way through which people can express their inconveniences. According to Preisendans[1] the worst events are given over to laughter because presenting misfortunes and evil deeds mobilizes the comic. Everything can be brightened up with the help of comics, as we have found out from our experience as well as from the theory.
    Comical and humor are two closely related phenomena. They are two different things like music and musicality. Humor connects the comical, a pure aesthetic category, with the other types of laughter dominated by the physiological or sociological factors. However, humor has a specific ethical function. It disappears at the moment when grave sufferings and pain appears. Humor is the spiritual condition in which

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1. Preisendans Wolfgang: O prednosti komičnog u prikazivanju povjesnog iskustva u njemačkim romanima našeg vremena (About The Advantages of Indication of Historical Experience in German Novels of Our Time) in Introduction to Narratology (Uvod u naratologiji), pg. 226






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