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ISSN 1409-6900 | UDK 82+7     Blesok no. 49 | volume IX | July-August, 2006



                     Peer-reviewed journal
Blesok no. 49July-August, 2006

An Essay on Creation and Destruction

– A contribution instead of an epilogue –

p. 1
Angelina Banović-Markovska

    Had there been no beginnings and endings, there would not have been stories either, is what the European Virginia Woolf used to say. However, to the Balkan Emil Cioran[1] this game – of beginning and end – knows no boundaries, for “each of our ideas recreates the world, and each of our thoughts destroys it. Our everyday lives are alternatively influenced by cosmogony and apocalypse… apart from the creation and destruction of the world, all else is worthless” (Cioran; 1996:97). Worthless… as a soft, meaningless story, as the fiction of birth and the fact of destruction, as the endeavor to follow through the development of an idea, through myths and symbols, through stories of power and histories of weakness, through personal memories and someone else’s traumas, through their need for a (re)creation of the world…
    But, let us take one thing at a time. It all began with the myth of Europe.

The creation of the Continent, the discovery of the Sunset

    Denis De Rougemont’s powerful book, Twenty Eight Centuries of Europe, contains the arch-history of the continent which, before it became a nomen, was an Asian goddess, one of the three thousand Oceanids (the saintly maidens, whose cult ruled the Near East). The arch-history of Europe is an arch-history of a “continent without a name, says Denis De Rougemont, which was slowly populated, civilized and brought to life by people, ideas and crafts, arriving from the coast of the Near East (Rougemont; 1997:12). According to historian Gonzague De Reynold, Europe came to us from Asia, ‘the mother of all great religions, the parent of all great legends’, in which all was one and different at the same time. Proof for this claim can be found in the lyrical interpretation of the ancient continent creation myth, ascribed to Moshos, a Sicilian poet from Syracuse who lived in 2 B.C. According to the myth, the son of Chronos, Zeus, disguised as a bull, seduced the naïve virgin Europe. She welcomed him into her white bosom and thus became the mother of his offspring.
    However, an allegory preceded this mythical abduction. Found in the dream of mythical Europe, the allegory reveals that two lands fought over the lovely goddess: the land of Asia (who claimed she had given birth to Europe), and the land across from it, which yet had no name, but believed the divine virgin Europe is hers, according to the will of Zeus.


1. A European (per)version of the Balkan original Choran.

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